This article traces the life and work of architect Kirtland Cutter, whose early career transformed Spokane. The article is the work of Georgi Krom, a member of the Board of the Queen Anne Historical Society and a Spokane native. Although Kirtland Cutter did no work in our Queen Anne neighborhood, two of his important clients — C. D. and Harriet Stimson — moved from Queen Anne to the house he designed for them at the intersection of Terry Avenue and Spring Street, today called the Stimson Green Mansion. The Rainier Club, also Cutter’s work, probably influenced many design choices among its wealthy members, many of whom lived in Queen Anne.
The Arts and Crafts movement was a powerful, worldwide force in art and architecture. Historian Lawrence Kreisman showcases this era in his Oct 13, 2020 lecture for the Queen Anne Historical Society. You can hear his talk by clicking HERE. His book, The Arts and Crafts Movement in the Pacific Northwest, also describes this fascinating time period.
Beautifully designed furniture, decorative arts, and homes were in high demand from consumers in booming new cities. Local, natural materials of logs, shingles and stone were plentiful in the west and creative architects were needed. One of them was Kirtland Kelsey Cutter, who worked in Spokane, Seattle, and California. His imagination reflected the artistic values of that era — from rustic chapels and distinctive homes to glorious public spaces of great beauty. He was one of the most important architects in our state.
Cutter was born in Cleveland in 1860, the grandson of a distinguished naturalist. A love of nature was an essential part of Kirtland’s work and he integrated garden design and natural, local materials into his plans. He studied painting and sculpture in New York and spent several years traveling and studying in Europe. This exposure to art and culture abroad influenced his taste and the style of his architecture. The rural buildings of Europe inspired him throughout his career.
Women’s clubs ignited in popularity throughout the United States in the late nineteenth century. Even before they could vote, women wanted to better themselves and their communities. One of these clubs is still going strong today after 125 years — the Queen Anne Fortnightly Club.
The first meeting was held at the home of founder Anna J. Sheafe on Sept. 20, 1894. The club’s primary purpose was literary. Members would give talks on topics that would change annually. Sheafe (1847-1920), served as president for 13 years until 1907. Her home at the corner of Queen Anne Avenue and Prospect held many meetings in the early years of the club.
Another prominent member, Anna Herr Clise (1866-1936), was the founder of Children’s Orthopedic Hospital on Queen Anne in 1907. After her five-year-old son, Willis, died of inflammatory rheumatism, Clise researched the lack of treatment for children in Seattle and called together several friends to organize a 23-woman board of directors, recruit physicians and create the first orthopedic facility for children on the West Coast. Located at on Crockett Street between Warren Ave N. and Boston , the hilltop location served patients from 1908 through 1953. It is now the Queen Anne Manor, a senior living community.
Clise and Fortnightly colleague Harriet Stimson (1862-1936), also advanced the hospital’s first guilds. Friends gathered monthly to support specific projects needed for patients. Member Nellie W. Lane (1857-1937), organized Queen Anne as the first guild, followed by Madison Park, Beacon Hill, Broadway, Denny Blaine and Renton. These early guilds later expanded into a vital network across the state and still provide ongoing support for today’s Seattle Children’s Hospital.
Funding for the first ambulance in Seattle was initiated by the Fortnightly club in June, 1899. Two years later members sent out a traveling library car filled with books, “The Fortnightly,” which traveled to remote logging camps. In this civic minded era, women used their skills and influence to benefit a growing region.
This photo shows the Fortnightly club in 1946. Annette Bocker, (second from right) (1896-1976), was featured in the Seattle Post-Intelligencer for her work in science. She owned and managed a clinical research lab.
Member Mary Bass Bayley (1874-1959), became a noted painter at age 78, inspired by her neighbor, Northwest painter Morris Graves. He encouraged her to paint with tempera, lifting her spirits during a time of grave illness. She went on to exhibit her work two years later in a one-woman show at the Dusanne Gallery.
By this time the club had grown in its membership. Meetings were held every two weeks (fortnightly) and included a yearly evening social event where husbands could attend. Members in the 1990s gave speeches at meetings on International Politics, China, the Olympic Games, Immigration and Northwest Foods and Wines. The club’s extensive historical archives have reports from its earliest days to the present.
The modern Fortnightly club includes professional and retired women in the fields of education, aerospace, real estate, design, psychology, and writing. Several women followed their mothers into the club and are active participants today.
Member Gretchen Claflin is the first woman to be named CEO of a national graduate school of banking. Treasurer Kay Heron was the Board Chair of the Seattle Children’s Guild Association for 2 years and on Seattle Children’s Hospital Board for 25 years. Since Fortnightly helped launch the hospital and guilds in its earliest days, this recent service seems fitting.
At its 125th Celebration Event last November, a speech was given by Betty Eberharter, Fortnightly member since 1973. “The first eight women chartered a club that has continued to educate and enrich the lives of Queen Anne ladies throughout twelve and a half decades, despite depression, inflation, population explosion and war. Society today little resembles that time,” she noted. “Fortnightly membership is for life. As members grow older and wiser they are cherished. Second and fourth Thursdays are times for sharing and expanding horizons in an atmosphere of warmth and deep lasting friendship.”
The Fortnightly club today is a group of 27 members, and some of them are shown here at a recent meeting. Seated from left to right, Betty Eberharter, Kay Heron; middle row from left, President Cindy Pierce, Alicia Arter, Karen Tripson, Mary Beth Dart, Pam Miles; back row from left, Gretchen Claflin, Joy Goodenough
We continue to learn so much from each other.
Sources: “Women’s Club Movement in Washington,” by Karen J. Blair, Ph.D., HistoryLink.org; “A Place for the Children, A Personal History of Children’s Orthopedic Hospital and Medical Center,” by Emilie B. Schwabacher; “Children’s Hospital to Queen Anne Manor: Memories of Care Become Memory Care,” by Michael Herschensohn, Ph.D. for the Queen Anne Historical Society; and the Queen Anne Fortnightly archives.
Seattle Center’s McCaw Hall has a new building next door. The grand opening for the new Opera Center was held on December 15, 2018. It will add needed space for more intimate performances, rehearsals, community events and offices.