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The Space Needle’s New Views

Posting by Rosalie Daggett and Marga Rose Hancock

As a beacon of the 1962 Century 21 / World’s Fair and a marker for the Seattle Center, the Space Needle holds a prominent place in Seattle history and its identity.

The John Graham Company (John Graham Jr. (1908-1991)) developed and designed the Space Needle, with architects John Ridley (1913-1997) and Victor Steinbrueck (1911-1985) and with structural engineering services provided by the Pasadena-based firm of John K. Minasian (1913-2007) and by Harvey H. Dodd & Associates, Seattle. Graham employee Lester Poole (1929-2018) recalled working with the team designing the Needle’s unique beams: “Howard Wright emphasized the critical schedule, asking ‘What have you got that can get this done quickly?’ We came up with the concept of three I-beams joining at flange corners. And people talked a lot about innovation in concrete.”
 

Inspiration for the Needle came from a sculpture by David Lemon “The Feminine One.”

At the time of its 1962 construction, the Space Needle became Seattle’s tallest structure — exceeding the Smith Tower, which until then had ranked as the tallest building west of the Mississippi.

As part of the World’s Fair 50th anniversary observance in 2012, Knute Berger had a residency on the Needle’s top level, and wrote the book Space Needle: The Spirit of Seattle.

Among other documentation of the Needle: B.J. Bullert’s Space Needle: A Hidden History; and Space Needle About/History.

The 2017-19 renovation, known as the Century Project, designed by architect Alan Maskin with the Seattle architectural firm of Olson Kundig, added a revolving glass floor below the top viewing level, as documented in 2018 by KING 5 “Remaking an Icon.” This glass floor on the R-level, known as the “Loupe,” became the world’s first and only revolving glass floor in the air, at 500 feet. 

On a brisk winter day, two ladies walked down Queen Anne Hill together to take in the new views and they pondered: next time you visit the Space Needle’s R level, will you wear a skirt?

Note: The Queen Historical Society Landmarks Preservation Committee met with the Space Needle Corporation to review the early proposals for the Space Needle’s recent renovations, and monitored design development.  Society representatives spoke at Architectural Review Committee and Landmarks Preservation Board meetings leading to granting of the Certificate of Approval.

Susan Corzatte, Actress

 

Susan Corzatte

On March 21, 1931 in Buffalo, New York, Lillian and Herbert Heinrich welcomed their daughter Susan into the world.  The family spent Susan’s early years in East Aurora, a small village in western New York.  Her mother performed occasionally on stage, and Susan took an early interest in the theater.

Susan began her collegiate education at the University of Rochester, but left when the school cancelled the production of “Pygmalion” with her playing Eliza Doolittle, because school rules did not allow a freshman to perform a lead role.   She then transferred to Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois.  When she graduated, she followed a professor’s advice and joined the apprentice program of the Cleveland Playhouse in Cleveland, Ohio.  She identified herself in her performances as Susan Ludlow.

At Cleveland Playhouse in 1955 she met Clayton Corzatte (3/1927–4/2013), as they both appeared in “The Remarkable Mr. Pennypacker.”  Susan and Clayton – AKA “Clay” — married in 1957, and soon moved to New York City.
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Denice Johnson Hunt (1948-1997)

Born in Kingston, Jamaica to a mother of Chinese descent and a father of African descent, Denice Johnson completed architectural studies at Tufts and MIT in 1976.  She married John Hunt, also an architect, in 1978; and they relocated to Seattle.  They resided, with son Collin and daughter Julian, at 1104 8th Avenue West in Seattle’s West Queen Anne neighborhood.

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