Changing times, changing looks: The Wooden Stores at Sixth W. and W. Howe

1834 6th W. in 2017; southern window hidden.

The impact of Seattle’s streetcar lines on Queen Anne’s commercial development continues to be part of our daily lives.  Even today, following the historic #24 streetcar route — the one that ran up the Counterbalance around a couple of corners and down Sixth to its terminus at W. McGraw — finds us still shopping in historic buildings all along the way.  The active stores like Macrina Bakery, Top Pot Doughnuts, or Molly Moon delight us still, but the abandoned ones, like the three at 1828, 1834 and 1900 6th Ave. W. at of W. Howe, draw my eye every day.

All three stores are on the east side of the wider street and were obviously built in response to the 1902 completion of the streetcar line.  According to the city’s historic side sewer cards, the shop at 1828 connected to the sewer in 1909 while the one at 1834 on the southeastern corner of W. Howe tied up in 1910.  The oldest of the three, at 1900 6th Ave., connected in 1904 barely two years after the streetcar arrived.  Oddly, we don’t learn the name of the shop owner until 1907.  Unlike the great majority of the brick-clad stores that survive today, these three are two-story wooden structures with at least one apartment over the shops.  Fortunately, we have photographs of all three in 1937 and the early 1950s. The 1937 photos were snapped by an under-employed designer working for the Depression-era Works Progress Administration. …Continue reading “Changing times, changing looks: The Wooden Stores at Sixth W. and W. Howe”

John Hay School’s First Custodian (?)

Charles Wilhelm Dahlberg at John Hay School

The society just received this picture of Mr. Dahlberg from his great-grandson Scott Dahlberg.  Scott is a 1962 graduate of Queen Anne High School.  Charles Wilhelm immigrated to the United States from Stockholm, Sweden where he trained as a boiler-maker.  Boiler operation was a key function of school janitors, so his getting this job in 1905 is not unreasonable.  There is some information indicating that Charles Wilhelm continued to serve at John Hay until at least 1940, when he was 83.  This photograph makes that highly likely, since the girl standing behind Mr. Dahlberg is wearing an outfit that appears to be from that period.  Mr. Dahlberg is posing at the southwest corner of the covered outdoor play area on the second John Hay School, the brick building on Boston St.   Mr. Dahlberg died in 1944.

According to The Seattle Daily Times of July 25, 1904, Charles Wilhelm and his wife Bessie received a permit to build a one-and-a-half story cottage worth $1,800 at 1937 7th Ave West on July 23, 1904.  They probably moved into their new house some time in 1905, the very same year the school district constructed the first John Hay School.  The city directory lists their daughter Esther, a stenographer, as living there then.

When they moved in, there was no Willcox Wall or Queen Anne Boulevard.  Today, the idea of working-class folks building a house on the Boulevard would be astounding.  It tells a lot about how the neighborhood has changed over the last century or so.

The east elevation of the Dahlberg house today, facing the Willcox Wall

Although there is no ambiguity about the date of construction, the City’s side sewer record hints that the house may have been moved and set on a new foundation a few years after its construction.  The side sewer map raises this possibility, because sewer lines usually get inspected by the City when they are installed.  The side sewer record for the Dahlberg house gives the date of inspection as September 27, 1911 — well after the date of construction.  Also, the side sewer of the house next door to the Dahlberg’s was inspected the same day, while three of the houses to the north of theirs were inspected in 1910.  Additional research may show that the houses got moved to the west a bit to make room for the Willcox Wall — which they all face across a very narrow strip of the street.

The two houses under construction behind the Dahlberg House. Photo taken 3/24/17

A visit to the Dahlberg house today (3/24/2017) set off alarms, because there is a notice in the front yard about the long narrow lot being subdivided into three lots — suggesting that the old house was set for demolition.  A trip to the back yard pleasantly revealed two small houses under construction behind the house, so the Dahlberg  place may be saved after all.

Working Class Queen Anne

It is hard to imagine Queen Anne as a working class neighborhood.  The views from the ridges on the south, east and west sides have attracted large elegant houses built by many of the movers and shakers in city history.  Once you leave the ring of elegant aeries, though, one-story commercial buildings, a huge quantity of apartment houses, and numerous industrial sites on the neighborhood fringe suggest a working class history we don’t want to forget.

As this series unfolds, it will explore different working class buildings, businesses and, if we can find them, people or live, lived, worked or work in them.  The choice of ‘working class’ rather than ‘blue collar’ to describe these subjects rests on the assumption that many of the jobs held by Queen Anne residents during most of the 20th century may have been in retail and service industry activities rather than manufacturing, railroading or ship building.

This series will consider buildings like the historic MarQueen Hotel on Queen Anne Ave between Mercer and Roy.  It was built in 1918 as the Seattle Engineering School and housed workers training at the Ford assembly plant on Lake Union (the plant is still there at the corner of Fairview and Valley, but it now serves as a storage facility).  In 1920, the school opened the Kuay training garage (later named the MarQueen Garage and now known as the 10 Mercer Restaurant) that operated as a school and working garage for more than 50 years.  The workers who lived in the SRO apartments would have found nearby bakeries, bars, restaurants and early grocery stores to meet their daily needs.  In the 1920’s the Chase Bank building around the corner on Mercer was probably where they bought groceries.  They probably ate some meals at Preston and Frances Smith’s Mecca Café which opened on July 1, 1930.  Still housing transients, the MarQueen no longer serves blue collar guys with greasy hands.

Just down the street, the 1926 Uptown Theater recently acquired by SIFF is another icon of working-class Queen Anne.  Designed by Victor Voorhees, the theater no longer has stairs leading to a mezzanine lounge and flanking bathrooms, and the original hall has added the two buildings south of the 1953 marquee by architect B. Marcus Priteca.  The large Uptown auditorium is now smaller than in the beginning, and ‘talkies’ projected digitally have replaced the silent films of 1926, but the theater still serves the residents of the very many nearby Uptown district apartment buildings.

Another surviving blue-collar business is the Five Corners Hardware store located where West McGraw, West McGraw Place and Third Avenue West intersect.  The streetcar line from downtown used to cross this intersection too on its way to the Mount Pleasant Cemetery, but its replacement, the number 3 electric trolley got rerouted to Rogers Park and the number 2 gets you to the cemetery now.  This business has been the same family since 1940.

Our series will scoot down the hill to explore the docks along the canal where hundreds of folks still go every day to repair ships at Foss Maritime, unplug your drain at Bob Oates Sewer and Rooter, or sell lumber at Gascoigne Lumber which has been at it since 1926 – obviously a big year for neighborhood growth.

The railroad spur still reaches Foss follows portions of the route of the historic Seattle, Lake Shore and Eastern Railway (SLS&E) founded by Daniel Gilman, Judge Thomas Burke and others.  By 1887, it ran from the Seattle waterfront to Smith (then Smith’s) Cove and then on the northwest side of Lake Washington.  By 1888, the line reached Fall City to the east and Snohomish to the north, eventually connecting with the Canadian Pacific system near Sumas.

The spur that now forms the Ship Canal bike and pedestrian path once extended around the base of the hill connecting that Ford Assembly plant at Fairview and Valley to the main lines bringing the cars in parts form the eastern United States.  The SLS&E took coal and lumber down to the freighters at Smith Cove.  A careful look at historic maps suggests that the coal and lumber dock may have been on the fill now under the Queen Anne side of Elliott Ave. W.

Just north of the former railway terminus along the former shore of Smith’s Cove and opposite the twisting Amgen Bridge on Queen Anne’s fringe at 1038 Elliott Ave W., Wilson Machine Works is a classic working class operation.  Founded by brothers Wilhelm, Wilson and Otto Niedergesaess as Niedergesaess and Sons Electric Co., it has been around for over a hundred years.  In 1926, Wilson — his brothers no longer involved — built the two-story masonry building and changed his name to match the new company’s becoming Robert John Wilson.  He painted the new office a shade of light brown, installed a roll top desk just inside the door, and opened for business.  The sign proclaiming Wilson Machine Works has not been touched, the desk has not been moved, and the office has not been repainted.  Overhead belt pulleys on the ceiling still drive one historic machine.   Current owner Dave Wilson reports that the foundations sit on clamshells.

This working class Queen Anne series will explore topics like these and reach out from time to time to follow curious bits of local history .