Our Sweet Queen Anne Cottages

“At First Avenue West and West Garfield Street, these Craftsman bungalows are of minor significance individually.  As a group, they provide a rhythm and consistency of scale.” Steinbrueck and Nyberg

No one understood better than Victor Steinbrueck and his colleague Folke Nyberg how much Seattle or Queen Anne’s historic working-class housing defined the city.  The six identical working-class Craftsman bungalows they referred to in their 1975 poster still stand on West Garfield Street between the alley and First Ave. W.   Four of them face north on Garfield; one sits on First Avenue W. while the sixth one backs up to it from the alley . As Steinbrueck and Nyberg suggest, the historic value of buildings often lies more in the urban patterns they create than in their individual distinctiveness.

The pattern Steinbrueck and Folke captured.

In 1975, Victor Steinbrueck embarked on a project with Folke Nyberg and Historic Seattle to identify and publish a series of ten posters inventorying Seattle’s outstanding historic buildings.  Queen Anne was lucky to get one of them.  In fact, the Queen Anne Historical Society and its volunteers, some of whom are still active today (6/2018), worked on the project.  Completing their survey in the early days of the American historic preservation movement,  Steinbrueck and Nyberg were hell-bent on recognizing that along with the high-style buildings often favored by the movement, the vernacular ones were those that really defined a neighborhood’s historic character.  The poster authors understood profoundly how a sense of place can give meaning to a community like ours.  As Historic Seattle notes on its website, “Each inventory includes photographs and brief descriptions of common building types, significant buildings, and urban design elements.” …Continue reading “Our Sweet Queen Anne Cottages”

This Week in Queen Anne History

On April 18, 1917, a shocking attack took the life of Queen Anne resident Florence Wehn (1889-1917), wife of famed Seattle sculptor James Wehn (1882-1973).  The horrific crime remains unsolved to this day.

Florence and James met in the late 1890s and bonded over their love of the arts. They married on July 24, 1915, and shortly after purchased a new bungalow at 2214 12th Avenue West to which James relocated his studio from his parents’ home at 710 29th Avenue South.   Florence was employed as a switchboard operator at the Pantorium Dye Works.

While James worked on a project at the University of Washington, Florence had spent April 17th at her parent’s home across town celebrating her nephew’s birthday.  Not wanting James to worry and lacking a home phone, she decided to return home by streetcar around ten o’clock that night rather than staying over as she often did when the hour got late.  When she didn’t come home, James assumed she had stayed over.  Police arrived at his door on the morning of April 18th to inform him that her body was discovered in a ravine near 12th Avenue West and West Wheeler Street, just a stone’s throw from their home.

Florence exited the streetcar at West Wheeler Street and 10th Avenue West.  At some point during the short walk between the stop and her home, she met with her attacker.  After putting up what appeared to be a considerable struggle, she succumbed to blunt force trauma to her head.  The attacker did not rob or rape her, but arranged the items she had been carrying carefully around her, including a piece of birthday cake she had brought home for James.

Devastated by the loss of his wife, James sold their house and moved his studio back to his family home, where it remained for the rest of his life.  He did not remarry until 1949, at age 67.  Wehn was the founding chairman of the University of Washington’s sculpture department.  His most well-known work is the bronze sculpture of Chief Seattle, located at Tilikum Park.  Dedicated in 1912, it was the first sculpture commissioned by the city as public art.  He created the first official design for the seal of the City of Seattle, a profile of Chief Seattle, in 1936.

The home that James and Florence shared still stands, but it is dwarfed by surrounding apartment buildings and will likely be razed for multi-family housing before long.

Alexander Hamilton Apartments

The Alexander Hamilton Apartments building (1127, 1131 Olympic Way W), among a series of historic apartments along Olympic Way (Villa Franca, The Kinnear) on west Queen Anne, shows design elements of its 1930 origins.  Architect William Whitely designed the building for a productive owner, Victor Sandberg.
Whitely designed several other multi-family dwellings developed by Frederick Anhalt, including the Villa Franca.  His projects also include Anderson’s Bakery (now Macrina Bakery) on Queen Anne, constructed in 1926.

This Week in Queen Anne History

In this March 3, 1934 photo, workers are undertaking a reconstruction of the Queen Anne Avenue counterbalance, the underground track-and-counterweight system that assisted electric streetcars in ascending the steep grade and supplemented their brakes on the descent.  But this same week, just three years later, an event took place on the avenue that was the culmination of intense debate about the future of Seattle’s electric streetcar system which made its last run in April 1941.

Built in 1901, the counterbalance streetcar replaced a cable car route that was part of the original Front Street Cable Railway, launched in 1889; the route to Queen Anne, which went as far as Highland Drive, was added in 1891.  The Seattle Electric Company purchased the lines in 1900 and ripped out the cable system to be replaced with electric streetcars.  They designed the novel underground counterweight system, which ran between Roy and Comstock streets, and added a parallel line on the west side of the avenue in 1902.

By the 1930s the Seattle Municipal Railway, then owned by the city, was buried in debt and losing ridership to automobiles.  In 1936, just two years after the reconstruction of the counterbalance, a city-commissioned report recommended tearing out the rail system and replacing it with gasoline-powered buses and “trackless trolleys” — trolleys that are powered by overhead electric lines but operate on tires, independent of tracks.  The political debate was intense, with Mayor John Dore (1881-1938) adamantly opposed and city councilman Arthur Langlie (1900-1966) in favor.  The plan to replace the old system would be put before voters on March 9, 1937.

In anticipation of the vote, proponents of the trackless trolley staged a demonstration on March 5, 1937 to prove the system’s superiority in the ultimate challenge:  a race between a trackless trolley and a streetcar up the Queen Anne Avenue counterbalance.  Citizens gathered along the route to cheer on their favored vehicle, but streetcar fans were disappointed.  The trackless trolley won handily, even when the streetcar was given a head start halfway up the hill.  Despite this impressive showing, the plan to replace the old system failed at the ballot box.

Mayor Dore died in 1938 and was succeeded by Langlie, who secured a New Deal loan to pay off the streetcar system’s debt and immediately implemented the plan to convert to gasoline buses and trackless trolleys.  The streetcars made their final run along the counterbalance on August 11, 1940.  The streetcars are long gone, but the tunnels and tracks of the counterbalance system remain below the surface to this day, and the trackless trolleys still roll overhead.  In this image from the early 1940s, two trackless trolleys pass on Queen Anne Avenue.

(photos courtesy of Seattle Municipal Archives, image 8660; and National Archives)